Overview of Bunions
- A bunion is a solid bump at the end of the big toe. It is caused by the movement of the big toe away from the smaller toes.
Causes of Bunions
The precise cause of bunions is unidentified, but it is likely a mixture of genetics and ecological factors.
Bunions are more widespread in females than in men. Other factors that might increase your possibility of getting a bunion include:
- Structural malformation in the foot, which might be associated to genetics
- Foot disorders in the family
- Activities that place excessive pressure on the foot
- Wearing high heel shoes
Symptoms Related to Bunions
Bunions might cause:
- Solid lump on the exterior of the foot or the end of the big toe
- Motion might be restricted or throbbing feeling in the big toe
- Foot ache and firmness
- Cyst filled with fluid
The GP will inspect your foot and enquire about your symptoms. An x-ray of your foot will be used to evaluate the bunion. It will also confirm how severe the bunion is and if surgery is needed.
The objectives of treatment are to alleviate force on the bunion and stop development of the deformity.
Medication can be used to alleviate pain and swelling, including:
- OTC pain medication, such as acetaminophen
- Creams that are massaged into the skin
- Wear shoes that are broad and deep in the toe region. Make certain the top of the shoe doesn’t knock or chafe against the bunion.
Surgery might be required to alleviate the pressure, if the other treatments are unsuccessful. Surgical methods include:
- Removing the lump
To help decrease your possibility of getting a bunion, follow these steps:
- Wear broad-toed shoes and comfy footwear that do not squeeze the toes.